Credit: © milanchikov / Fotolia

Credit: © milanchikov / Fotolia

Artificial sweeteners linked to heart disease and other serious conditions

Artificial sweeteners linked to heart disease and other serious conditions, according to a new study from the University of Manitoba in Canada.

Lately, artificial sweeteners have been shown to cause many health problems. In 2016, a groundbreaking study showed that Splenda is linked to leukemia.

Science Daily reported on the new study:

To better understand whether consuming artificial sweeteners is associated with negative long-term effects on weight and heart disease, researchers from the University of Manitoba’s George & Fay Yee Centre for Healthcare Innovation conducted a systematic review of 37 studies that followed over 400,000 people for an average of 10 years. Only 7 of these studies were randomized controlled trials (the gold standard in clinical research), involving 1003 people followed for 6 months on average.

The trials did not show a consistent effect of artificial sweeteners on weight loss, and the longer observational studies showed a link between consumption of artificial sweeteners and relatively higher risks of weight gain and obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and other health issues.

Despite the fact that millions of individuals routinely consume artificial sweeteners, relatively few patients have been included in clinical trials of these products,” said author Dr. Ryan Zarychanski, Assistant Professor, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba. “We found that data from clinical trials do not clearly support the intended benefits of artificial sweeteners for weight management.”

Caution is warranted until the long-term health effects of artificial sweeteners are fully characterized,” said lead author Dr. Meghan Azad, Assistant Professor, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba. Her team at the Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba is undertaking a new study to understand how artificial sweetener consumption by pregnant women may influence weight gain, metabolism and gut bacteria in their infants.

Given the widespread and increasing use of artificial sweeteners, and the current epidemic of obesity and related diseases, more research is needed to determine the long-term risks and benefits of these products,” said Azad.

The artificial sweeteners linked to heart disease and other serious conditions was published in the journal CMAJ.

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REFERENCES:
1. “Artificial Sweeteners Linked to Risk of Weight Gain, Heart Disease and Other Health Issues.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, n.d. Web. 18 July 2017.
2. “Nonnutritive Sweeteners and Cardiometabolic Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials and Prospective Cohort Studies.” Canadian Medical Association Journal. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 17 July 2017. Web. 18 July 2017.

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